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Confusing words (CAE) Part 11

В данной заметке вы познакомитесь с предпоследней частью confusing words (CAE). Ответы даны белым шрифтом и для их просмотра надо выделить пробел. Надеюсь, что предоставленные материалы оказались для вас полезными. Первоначально блог задумывался только как ресурс для материалов предназначенных для подготовки к централизованному тестированию (ЦТ) по английскому языку, но возможно, что и материалы другой направленности так же найдут своих читателей. Поэтому относительно скоро на страницах блога появятся и другие материалы в категории «CAE»

Список изучаемых пар слов

В этой публикации мы забираем разницу в значении таких пары слов как: elicit — illicit, implied — inferred, practical — practicable, appreciative — appreciable, temperate — temporal. В предлагаемых упражнениях слова даны белым цветом и видны при выделении.

Разница между elicit и illicit.

If you elicit a response or a reaction, you do or say something which makes other people respond or react.
An illicit activity or substance is not allowed by law or the social customs of a country.
1.Have you managed to elicit a response from them yet?
2.Former headmen were known to be important organizers of the illicit trade in stolen cattle.
3.He was arrested for selling illicit copies of the software.
4.The questionnaire was intended to elicit information on eating habits.
5.They were able to elicit the support of the public.
6.Marijuana remains the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States

Разница между implied и inferred.

If you imply that something is the case, you suggest that it is the case without actually saying so. If you infer that something is the case, you decide that it is the case on the basis of the information that you have.
1.Somehow he implied that he was the one who had done all the work.
2.His tone implied that he hoped that something would happen soon.
3.I inferred from what she said that you have not been well…
4.From this we inferred that they were equipped with nuclear weapons.
5.Darwin saw in the fossil record glimpses of past eras which, he inferred, were linked by steady and continuous change.
6.I’m not implying anything about your cooking, but could we eat out to night?

Разница между practical и practicable.

The practical aspects of something involve real situations and events, rather than just ideas and theories.
If a task, plan, or idea is practicable, people are able to carry it out.
1.Teachers can only be expected to do what is reasonable and practicable.
2.Qualifications are important but practical experience is always an advantage.
3.The service offers young people practical advice on finding a job.
4.It is not reasonably practicable to offer her the original job back…
5.What’s the use of theoretical knowledge that has no practical application?
6.The only practicable course of action is to sell the company.

Разница между appreciative и appreciable.

An appreciative reaction or comment shows the enjoyment that you are getting from something. An appreciable amount or effect is large enough to be important or clearly noticed.
1.It’s nice to have an appreciative audience.
2.It contains less than 1 per cent fat, an appreciable amount of protein, and a high content of minerals…
3.I’m very appreciative of all the support you’ve given me.
4.This has not had an appreciable effect on production.
5.Mrs Hastings’ eyes grow warmer and more appreciative with my every word.
6.There has been an appreciable drop in the number of unemployed since the new government came to power.

Разница между temperate и temporal.

Temperate is used to describe a climate or a place which is never extremely hot or extremely cold. Temporal powers or matters relate to ordinary institutions and activities rather than to religious or spiritual ones.
1.The Nile Valley keeps a temperate climate throughout the year.
2.It explained the pope’s temporal power over the city of Rome and the surrounding areas.
3.The Church and democracy had fought a war for temporal power, the Church had lost, and the antagonism lingered.
4.His final report to the President was far more temperate and balanced than the earlier memorandum.
5.Ostertagia is especially important in temperate climates and in subtropical regions with winter rainfall.
6.Edgar ruled over the Church as well as his temporal kingdom.

Данный материал по теме «Confusing words (CAE)» предназначен для организации занятий или самостоятельного изучения словоупотребления в английском языке на уровне advanced (C1) или подготовки к сдаче экзамена CAE или его эквивалентов.
С первой часть публикаций по данной теме вы можете ознакомиться здесь. С продолжением данной темы можно ознакомиться тут.