Commonly confused words (CAE). Part 12

Этой статей заканчивается серия публикаций, посвященных commonly confused words (CAE). Затем планируется ряд заметок, затрагивающих вопросы словообразования на уровне CAE.

Список изучаемых пар слов

В этой публикации мы забираем разницу в значении таких пары слов как: eatable — edible, deficient — defective, emotional — emotive, negligent — negligible, persuading — persevering. В предлагаемых упражнениях слова даны белым цветом и видны при выделении.

Разница между eatable и edible.

Теория:
If something is edible, it is by nature safe or good to eat, if it is eatable, it is in a condition that makes it possible to eat it
Практика:
1.I remember Grandma telling us to go hunt for some ground squirrels or anything eatable for meat.
2.These berries are edible, but those are poisonous.
3.Mr Rathje often finds readable copies of 25-year-old newspapers and eatable corn cobs.
4.Only the leaves of the plant are edible.

Разница между deficient и defective.

Теория:
If someone or something is deficient in a particular thing, they do not have the full amount of it that they need in order to function normally or work properly.
If something is defective, there is something wrong with it and it does not work properly.
Практика:
1.A diet deficient in vitamin D may cause the disease rickets.
2.Retailers can return defective merchandise.
3.The disease is caused by a defective gene.
4.His theory is deficient in several respects.
5.Women who are dieting can become iron deficient.
6.Her sight was becoming defective

Разница между emotional и emotive.

Теория:
Emotional means concerned with emotions and feelings.
An emotive situation or issue is likely to make people feel strong emotions.
Практика:
1.My doctor said the problem was more emotional than physical.
2.Amnesia can be caused by emotional trauma.
3.Animal experimentation is a highly emotive issue.
4.I felt quite emotional during the wedding ceremony.
5.Embryo research is an emotive issue.
6.Child abuse is an emotive subject.

Разница между negligent и negligible.

Теория:
If someone has been negligent , they have not performed their duties carefully enough.
If something is negligible , it is so small or unimportant that it is not worth considering.
Практика:
1.The damage appears to have had a negligible effect on the yacht’s speed.
2.The court found him to be negligent over the loss of £18 million by the local authority.
3.Tests found only a negligible amount of the chemical in the product.
4.They can make extra copies of videotapes at a negligible cost.
5.He said the organisers of the march had been negligent and irresponsible.
6.The school had been negligent in not informing the child’s parents about the incident.

Разница между persuading и persevering.

Теория:
If you persuade someone to do something, you cause them to do it by giving them good reasons for doing it.
If you persevere with something, you keep trying to do it and do not give up, even though it is difficult.
Практика:
1.Johnson was influential in persuading the producers to put money into the film.
2.He took a lot of persuading to come out of retirement
3.If you are persevering, I am convinced you will find a job.
4.She was persevering enough to reach the height of her ambition and become the managing director of the company.
5.The YCs often have difficulty in persuading their members to agree to perform administrative offices.
6.A few persevering climbers finally reached the top.

Вот и закончились commonly confused words…

Рассматриваемый материал по теме «Confusing words (CAE)» предназначен для организации занятий или самостоятельного изучения словоупотребления в английском языке на уровне advanced (C1) или подготовки к сдаче экзамена CAE или его эквивалентов.

С первой часть публикаций по данной теме вы можете ознакомиться здесь.

2014-08-25
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