Confusing words (CAE). Part 2

Продолжение статьи о Confusing words (CAE), которые могут быть с легкостью перепутаны изучающими английский язык. Уровень сложности: Advanced. Если содержимое пропуска выделить, то можно увидеть правильный ответ.

Список изучаемых пар слов

В этой публикации мы забираем разницу в значении таких пары слов как: stationary ― stationery, adapt ― adopt, continuous ― continual, eminent ― imminent, umpire — referee. В предлагаемых упражнениях слова даны белым цветом и видны при выделении.

Разница между stationary и stationery

Теория:
Stationary is an adjective. If a vehicle is stationary , it is not moving. (Перевод — неподвижный)
Stationery is a noun. It refers to paper, envelopes, pens, and other equipment used for writing. (Перевод — канцелярский)
Практика:
1.The traffic got slower and slower until it was stationary.
2.The rate of inflation has been stationary for several months.
3.We buy things like stationery and toilet rolls in bulk.
4.And he knew her then, from the stationery shop on their street.
5.Only use the handbrake when your vehicle is stationary.
6.Ann Bailey, who sells stationery at the store from which Revel buys his maps of Bleston.

Разница между adapt и adopt

Теория:
If you adapt to a new situation or adapt yourself to it, you change your ideas or behaviour in order to deal with it successfully. (Перевод — измениться под новые условия)
If you adopt a new attitude, plan, or way of behaving, you begin to have it. (Перевод — принять что-то или кого-то)
Практика:
1.The play had been adapted for children.
2.It was a most fruitful discussion, with both sides agreeing to adopt a common policy.
3.Since our research so far has not produced any answers to this problem, we need to adopt a different approach to it.
4.Many software companies have adapted popular programs to the new operating system.
5.We had to adapt our plans to fit Jack’s timetable.
6.We will have to adopt a more scientific approach in the future.

Разница между continuous и continual

Теория:
Continual and continuous can both be used to describe things which continue to happen or exist without stopping. if you are describing something undesirable which continues to happen or exist without stopping, it is better to use continual rather than continuous. Continual can also be used to describe things which happen repeatedly. (Оба слова близки по значению. Continuous лучше использовать если что-то нежелательное длиться без остановки. Continual больше подходит если какое-то событие происходит снова и снова)
Практика:
1.In the end, it was the continual drinking that destroyed him.
2.The machines have remained in continuous service over the last six years without any problem.
3.I’m sorry — I can’t work with these continual interruptions.
4.The social system is undergoing continuous evolution to adapt to these rapid changes.
5.The battalion had to face continual attacks from the enemy.
6.His continual demands for sympathy became quite a strain on his friends.
7.You can join the pension scheme after two years of continuous employment with the company.
8.The change was gradual and by no means steady and continuous.
9.I’ve had continual problems with this car ever since I bought it.
10.I’ve had six continuous hours of meetings.

Разница между eminent и imminent

Теория:
An eminent person is well-known and respected, especially because they are good at their profession. (Выдающийся человек)
If you say that something is imminent, especially something unpleasant, you mean it is almost certain to happen very soon. (Надвигающиеся проблемы или неприятности)
Практика:
1.Gordon was probably the most eminent scholar of Nonconformity of his time, with an encyclopaedic knowledge and memory.
2.For a man in imminent danger of losing his job, he appeared quite unruffled.
3.Her remarks were intended to scotch rumours of an imminent election date.
4.Mrs Nixon still cherishes letters of appreciation from eminent people.
5.He announced the imminent arrival of a messianic leader.
6.Some of the most eminent surgeons in London had assured him that his playing days were over.

Разница между umpire и referee

Теория:
An umpire or referee is an official whose job is to make sure that a game is played fairly and that the rules are not broken. (Это название судей в разных видах спорта.)
These games have an umpire or umpires:
badminton, baseball, cricket, table tennis, tennis, volleyball
These games have a referee:
basketball, billiards, boxing, football, rugby football, snooker, wrestling
Практика:
1.Starmers has been chosen to umpire the next cricket test match.
2.Liverpool only lost the game because the referee was biased.
3.The footballer appealed to the referee for a free kick.
4.A case requiring action by the umpire before the batsman needed to correct the wicket?

Предлагаемый материал по теме «Confusing words (CAE)» может быть использован для организации занятий или самостоятельного изучения словоупотребления в английском языке на уровне advanced (C1), а также подготовки к сдаче экзамена CAE или его эквивалентов.
С первой часть публикаций по данной теме вы можете ознакомиться здесь. С продолжением данной темы можно ознакомиться тут.

2014-08-17
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