ENGLISH » Олимпиады » Confusing words (CAE) Part 4

Confusing words (CAE) Part 4

Продолжаем разбор confusing words (CAE). Как помнится, материал появился в результате работы со статьей из «1 сентября». Там слова были приведены без пояснений и только по одному предложению на каждое разбираемое слово. По просьбе своей ученицы я и расширил исходный материал, добавив комментарии (Collins Cobuild Dictionary) и увеличив количество примеров в упражнении. При подготовке к ЦТ по английскому языку предлагаемый материал явно излишний, но это единственное, что оказалось не опубликованным на месте моего прежнего обитания

Список изучаемых пар слов

В этой публикации мы забираем разницу в значении таких пары слов как:definite — definitive, liniment ― lineament, libel ― slander, testimony ― testament, complaisant ― complacent . В предлагаемых упражнениях слова даны белым цветом и видны при выделении.

Разница между definite и definitive

Теория:
Something that is definitive provides a firm conclusion that cannot be questioned. (Перевод — определенный)
If something such as a decision or an arrangement is definite, it is firm and clear, and unlikely to be changed. (Перевод — окончательный)
Практика:
1.The date for the meeting is now definite: 5th March.
2.We finally agreed on an experiment we would both regard as definitive.
3.She has very definite opinions.
4.The police have no definitive proof of her guilt.
5.He’s written the definitive guide to Britain’s Lake District.
6.We’ll have to wait until the new year before we can make any definite plans.

Разница между liniment и lineament

Теория:
Liniment is a liquid that you rub into your skin in order to reduce pain or stiffness. (жидкая мазь)
Lineament — a distinctive feature or characteristic, esp. of the face. (черты лица)
Практика:
1.In tracing the lineaments of his own sensibility, he has the key to understanding everyone else.
2.No longer is it ill defined: it is marked with the lineaments of his character.
3.And what patience the man had, massaging his patients himself and rubbing them with liniment.
4.I lived in a nursery which smelled of boredom and liniment.
5.She gave him a five-pound note to buy liniment at the chemist’s.
6.Imagery of the Lake District has been used to analyse the lineament pattern of the region.

Разница между libel и slander

Теория:
Libel is a written statement which wrongly accuses someone of something, and which is therefore against the law. (письменная жалоба — клевета)
Slander is an untrue spoken statement about someone which is intended to damage their reputation. (устная клевета)
Практика:
1.Can a teacher sue a principal for slander for making critical remarks about his or her teaching techniques?
2.She threatened to sue the magazine for libel.
3.He has issued a writ for libel against the radio star Michael Clery.
4.Many teachers saw the statement as a gross slander on their profession.
5.Holt sued the newspaper for libel.
6.She regarded his comments as a vicious slander on her reputation.

Разница между testimony и testament

Теория:
In a court of law, someone’s testimony is a formal statement that they make about what they saw someone do or what they know of a situation, after having promised to tell the truth. (свидетельское показание)
If one thing is a testament to another, it shows that the other thing exists or is true. (завещание)
Практика:
1.His testimony was an important element of the Prosecution case…
2.Prosecutors may try to determine if Robb gave false testimony when he appeared before the grand jury.
3.Braka’s house, just off Sloane Square, is a testament to his Gothic tastes…
4.The fact that these scandals are now public is testament to the relative openness of America’s government.
5.In his testimony, he denied that the company had ignored safety procedures.
6.The aircraft’s safety record is a testament to its designers’ skill.

Разница между complaisant и complacent

Теория:
If you are complaisant, you are willing to accept what other people are doing without complaining. (услужливый)
A complacent person is very pleased with themselves or feels that they do not need to do anything about a situation, even though the situation may be uncertain or dangerous. (самодовольный)
Практика:
1.He was too complaisant to say no to his brother’s demands.
2.We can’t afford to become complacent about any of our products.
3.She was a complaisant wife and dutiful daughter.
4.There’s a danger of becoming complacent if you win a few games.
5.We simply cannot afford to be complacent about the future of our car industry
6.Franca’s complaisant kindness was too much for him.

Как и всегда ответы даны белым. Выделите пробел, если хотите увидеть ответ.

Данный материал по теме «Confusing words (CAE)» предназначен для организации занятий или самостоятельного изучения словоупотребления в английском языке на уровне advanced (C1), а также подготовки к сдаче экзамена CAE или его эквивалентов.
С первой часть публикаций по данной теме вы можете ознакомиться здесь. С продолжением данной темы можно ознакомиться тут.

2014-08-17
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