Как показывает статистика популярности страниц на блоге, материалы по confusing words (CAE) интересны не только посетителям из РБ, но и гостям из англоговорящих стран. Продолжаем публикации на эту тему. Напоминаю, что уровень учащихся, на которых рассчитаны данные материалы — Advanced. По этой причине все написанное ниже будет уже не по-русски.
Список изучаемых пар слов
В этой публикации мы забираем разницу в значении таких пары слов как: eligible ― illegible, consequential ― consistent, blink — wink, comic ― comical, electrical — electric. В предлагаемых упражнениях слова даны белым цветом и видны при выделении.
Разница между eligible и illegible.
Someone who is eligible to do something is qualified or able to do it, for example because they are old enough.
Writing that is illegible is so unclear that you cannot read it.
1.Are you eligible for early retirement/maternity leave?
2.His writing is almost illegible.
3.Her signature is totally illegible.
4.I can think of several eligible bachelors of my acquaintance.
5.Is she eligible to enter the competition?
6.The check was signed by an officer of the bank whose first name was Thomas; the last name was illegible.
Разница между consequential и consistent.
Consequential means happening as a direct result of an event or situation.
Someone who is consistent always behaves in the same way, has the same attitudes towards people or things.
1.Our use of harmful chemicals and the consequent damage to the environment is a very serious matter.
2.Her work is sometimes good, but the problem is she’s not consistent.
3.The actual estimate for extra staff and consequential costs such as accommodation was an annual ₤9.18m.
4.There has been a consistent improvement in her attitude.
5.You are not covered for consequential loss.
6.There has been a consistent increase in burglaries round here.
Разница между blink и wink.
When you blink or when you blink your eyes, you shut your eyes and very quickly open them again.
When you wink at someone, you look towards them and close one eye very briefly, usually as a signal.
1.She winked at me as he turned his back.
2.For a moment I thought he was being serious, but then he winked at me
3.The brightness of the snow made him blink.
4.He gave me a conspiratorial wink as they left the room.
5.How do you manage not to blink when you’re putting makeup on your eyes?
6.We stared at each other to see who would blink first.
Разница между comic и comical.
Comic is used to describe things which are intended to be funny.
Comical is not usually used to describe things which are intended to be funny.
1.Mrs Syms’s astonishment at her appearance was almost comical.
2.He likes wearing comic hats.
3.He did comic tricks like hiding in a tree and falling out of it.
4.It was quite comical watching him trying to dance.
5.The BBC is moving into virgin territory by producing comic programmes of this type.
6.What made it so comical was that their hats kept falling off.
Разница между electrical и electric.
You use electric in front of nouns to talk about particular machines or devices that use electricity. You use electrical when you are talking in a more general way about machines, devices, or systems which use or produce electricity.
1.I think it’s got an electrical fault.
2.There is a 25% discount on all electrical goods until the end of the week.
3.Accessories for the top-of-the-range car include leather upholstery, a CD player, electric windows and a sunroof.
4.Never use water to put out fires in electrical equipment.
5.We’ve just changed over from gas central heating to electric.
6.Loose electric wires were dangling from the wall.
Рассматриваемый материал по теме «Confusing words (CAE)» предназначен для организации занятий или самостоятельного изучения словоупотребления в английском языке на уровне advanced (C1), а также подготовки к сдаче экзамена CAE или его эквивалентов.
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