Набор упражнений на словообразование в английском языке. Часть 1.4

Ещё один набор упражнений на словообразование, который уже ранее применялся для подготовки к централизованному тестированию по английскому языку. В качестве основы была взято учебное пособие Grammar and Vocabulary for FCE.

Содержание упражнений на словообразование

Закрепляются на практике следующие способы словообразования:

  • глагол+er=существительное,обозначающее профессию (например: shop-shopper, teach-teacher, write-writer);
  • глагол+or=существительное,обозначающее профессию (например: act-actor, operate-operator, sail-sailor);
  • глагол+er=существительное, обозначающее устройства (например: cook-cooker, grate-grater);
  • глагол/существительное+ee=существительное, обозначающее вид деятельности (например: pay-payee, employ-employee);
  • глагол/существительное/прилагательное+ist=существительное, обозначающее вид деятельности или религиозные убеждения (например: Buddhist, anarchist, journalist, pianist);
  • прилагательные+ity/ness= абстрактное существительное (например: equal-equality, good-goodness);
  • существительное+hood/ship= абстрактное существительное (например: neighbour-neighbourhood, friend-friendship);
  • глагол+ance,ence/ment/(a)tion,(i)tion,sion= абстрактное существительное (например: admit-admittance, achieve-achievement, form-formation, oppose-opposition, omit-omission).

Упражнение на словообразование к ЦТ №1

Their latest car has just gone into *** for the Japanese market. [produce]
Mr. Carr had been the *** of the company’s fortunes. [engine]
Some people develop *** after an operation. [complicate]
Whatever happened, I did not want to lose Sarah’s ***. [friend]
Thousands of *** have entered the camps along the borders in recent days. [refuge]
Public *** to the military government is growing. [oppose]
He had been a travel *** before turning to fiction. [write]
The *** of wiretaps was determined to be illegal. [employ]
The company is offering job opportunities for around 50 skilled ***. [work]
The editor made a few minor *** to the text. [alter]
They are having a party to celebrate the *** of their first year’s goals. [achieve]
He had his portrait painted by the Spanish *** Daniel Quintero. [art]
The Party is committed to sexual and racial ***. [equal]
He wants his children to have a good ***. [educate]
He was a shrewd *** who skillfully manipulated the press. [operate]
Their *** worked a ten-hour day. [employ]
We need to be given greater *** in the use of resources. [flex]

Упражнение на словообразование к ЦТ №2

He doesn’t get any real *** from dancing. [enjoy]
He intends to undertake a major *** of the Constitution. [revise]
Two more points and the *** will be his! [champion]
The church is the only ancient *** in the city to survive. [build]
Daniel’s *** offered to pay for the course.[ employ ]
It is hard to combine *** with a career. [mother]
Sit down and be quiet, for *** sake! [good]
I’ve never been a very good ***. [sail]
Joan’s childhood was filled with pain and *** . [sad]
There was great *** in the crowd as they waited for the president to arrive. [excite]
Walking is now Dad’s favorite ***. [occupy]
He taught us freedom, tolerance, and ***. [brother]
Reagan’s command of television was a vital *** for the presidency. [qualify]
The new agency is responsible for controlling air *** . [pollute]
Global communication was transformed by the *** of the Internet. [invent]
The children did *** of themselves. [draw]
She had already found *** with another man. [happy]

Этот материал по теме «Набор упражнений на словообразование » предлагается для организации занятий или самостоятельного изучения словообразования в английском языке на уровне upper-intermediate (B2), а также подготовки к сдаче экзаменов ЕГЭ, FCE, ЦТ или их эквивалентов.

Продолжение публикации доступно по ссылке. Первую часть можно найти здесь.

2015-06-28
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