Набор упражнений на словообразование в английском языке. Часть 6.4

Продолжаем работу по теме словообразование в английском языке для ЦТ. Сегодня у нас 6 выпуск комплектов заданий, обеспечивающих пятикратное повторение материала к тестированию. Постоянное повторение изучаемого материала позволит будущим участникам централизованного тестирования по английскому языку более успешно подготовиться к ЦТ. Сами упражнения составлены по мотивам книги Grammar and vocabulary for First Certificate с использованием примеров, заимствованных из разных аутентичных источников.

Содержание упражнений на словообразование

В данном выпуске рассматриваются следующие способы словообразования:

  • глагол + ion, ition = существительное (confession, addition);
  • прилагательное + ity = существительное (celebrity);
  • редко употребляемые суффиксы для образования существительных — ure (closure), ence (science), ance (existance), y (envy), cy (privacy);
  • суффикс cal для образования прилагательных (musical).

упражнение на словообразование к ЦТ № 1

 I’ve got a bit of a *** to make — I’ve lost that book you lent me[confess] 
The stock market crash marked the start of a severe ***[depress] 
I can say nothing — the matter is still under ***[discuss] 
He likes to give the ***   he’s terribly popular and has loads of friends[impress]
The *** of large amounts of money does not ensure happiness[possess] 
He left the teaching *** in 1965 to set up his own business[profess]
The world changed rapidly after the *** of the telephone[invent] 
There has been a *** on the southbound stretch of the motorway[collide] 
The result of the election seems to be a foregone ***[conclude]
She acted with ***, closing the bank account and phoning the police[decide] 
The fire was thought to have been caused by a gas ***[explode] 
His phone call was a welcome ***into an otherwise tedious morning[intrude] 
The *** of good public transport will be essential for developing the area[provide] 
There seems to be some *** over who is actually giving the talk[confuse] 
A look of *** flashed across her face[repulse] 
He was forced to make several *** to his speech[revise] 
Many of the fans believe that the *** of Heacock from the team cost England the match[omit]
You will need *** from the council to extend your garage[permit] 
Living in a flat is all right, but it has its *** — for example, you don’t have your own garden[limitation] 
On May 13, 1917 three young shepherd children reported a *** from the Virgin Mary[visit] 
The lack of cohesion within the party lost them votes in the ***[elect] 
Traffic *** will be kept to a minimum throughout the festival[diverse] 
Her account of the case was an *** of the facts [inverse]

упражнение на словообразование к ЦТ № 2

*** into new areas of research is possible[expand]
The article is an *** of  the ideas Professor Fox developed in an earlier book [extend]
The phrase ‘a hard frost’ is a ***[collocate] 
Dave couldn’t find his passport at the airport and then there were further *** when Fiona lost her baggage[complicate] 
This place is badly in need of ***[decorate] 
There has been a *** in property values[deflate] 
A *** from Spain has arrived for a month[delegate] 
It’s a country which places great importance on ***[educate] 
*** on the site is likely to continue for several years[excavate] 
The *** of the six original Australian states took place in 1901[federate] 
We will know in a couple of days if the *** to restore her sight was successful[operate] 
 The manifesto includes tough measures to tackle road congestion and environmental ***[pollute]
 Entry to the club is only permitted on *** of a membership card[produce] 
You can’t just make wild *** like that! [accuse]
The first day of the exhibition will be by *** [invite]
At the beginning of the book there’s a *** from Abraham Lincoln[quote]
My *** for that woman grows daily[admire] 
What is the *** date of your credit card?[expire]
The animals had died of ***[starve] 
Evolution occurs as a result of ***  to new environments[adapt] 
Several police officers are being questioned about the *** of the documents[alter] 
In the space marked ‘*** she wrote ‘police officer'[occupy] 
Do you understand the system of *** used in ornithology?[classify]
Most of the bodies were badly burned, making *** almost impossible[identify] 

упражнение на словообразование к ЦТ № 3

You’ll never get a good job if you don’t have any ***[qualify] 
 William Wilberforce campaigned for the *** of slavery[abolish]
Would it be too much of an *** to ask you to pick my parents up from the airport? [impose]
There is a lot of *** to the proposed changes[oppose] 
His books are full of *** and useless information[repeat]
Twice a week the children are tested in basic mathematical skills such as *** and subtraction[add]
 There was a lot of activity in *** for the Queen’s visit[prepare] 
«What’s his latest book about?» «Oh, the usual — the transience of love and the *** of life [futile]»
Some neck injuries cause total loss of *** below the point of injury[mobile]
Everyone will have an *** to comment[opportune] 
The only reason she was considered a *** risk was because her husband was a foreigner[secure]
Even the doctors were shocked by the severity of his ***[injure] 
Too many rules might deaden ***[creative]
Studies show that if a working environment is pleasant, *** increases[produce]
We need to get the support of someone in *** [authoritative]
A number of *** attended the party[celebrate]
The relative *** will be about 80% today[humid]
It was sheer *** to refuse at the price they were offering[stupid]
This research seems to give some *** to the theory that the drug might cause cancer[valid]
Unlike the present government, we believe in serving the ***[commune]
Religions gain some of their worldly power by claiming they have the key to *** [eternal]
The first *** of the war were civilians[fatal]
The massacre was a crime against ***[human]

упражнение на словообразование к ЦТ № 4

Her death made him more aware of his own ***[mortal] 
Now that the civil war is over, relative *** has returned to the south of the country[normal]
The recent failure of so many Internet businesses has provided a *** check for those who predicted huge profits [real]
The book bears several striking *** to last year’s bestseller[similar] 
With a personal fortune of six million pounds, she certainly doesn’t work out of *** [necessary]
We have planned an exciting *** campaign with our advertisers[public] 
She will inherit her father’s estate when she reaches her ***[major] 
The plan was designed to help women and *** overcome discrimination in the workplace[minor] 
I’m burning with *** — you must tell me who’s won! [curious]
Her friends take advantage of her ***[generous] 
What was all the *** about? [hilarious]
His arrest for lewd behaviour seriously damaged his *** as a religious leader [credible] 
The *** rules prevent under-18s being in the team[eligible]
The advantage of this system is its ***[flexible]
 The building’s *** makes it extremely dangerous[instable]
The bits of gold in the sand were small to the point of ***  [invisible]
There’s a distinct *** (that) I’ll be asked to give a speech[possible] 
Rolls-Royce cars are famous for their quality and ***[reliable] 
The accused pleaded not guilty on grounds of diminished ***[responsible]
The author has applied a modern *** to the social ideals of an earlier age[sense]
The increasing *** of the nation’s poor and homeless has forced the government into taking action[visible]
The unions fought hard against the government’s programme of pit ***[close]
The nurse will take your blood *** in a moment [press] 
The government’s annual *** on arms has been reduced[expend] 
He is by *** inclined to be rather lazy[natural]

упражнение на словообразование к ЦТ № 5

He wrote an article on the *** and pains of camping[please] 
The survey found no *** between crime and unemployment rates[correspond] 
Modern cosmology believes the Universe to have come into *** about fifteen billion years ago[exist]
 Making small-scale models takes/requires a great deal of ***[patient] 
 My old headteacher said he would write/give me a glowing ***[refer] 
The project has attracted considerable criticism from the *** community [science]
This was the defendant’s third court *** for the same offence[appear] 
I’ve always looked to my father for *** in these matters[guide] 
I’ll need to take out extra car *** for another driver[insure] 
This was a very impressive *** by the young player, who scored 12 points within the first 10 minutes[perform] 
I accepted his resignation with great ***[reluctant] 
Her own journey/voyage of self-*** started as she was recovering from a severe illness[discover]
 I watched with *** as she set off for the airport[envious]
 The team has performed very badly this season due to petty *** among the players[jealous] 
I must tell you in all *** that there is little chance of the scheme being approved[honest] 
He writes for some *** magazine for the under-30s[trend] 
Work on the production line is monotonous and lacks ***[various]
 I must confess I have some *** with his views[sympathetic] 
They were awarded medals for their ***[brave]
The farmer was accused of *** to animals[cruel]
All manufacturers want to encourage brand *** to their own products[loyal]
Stop being such an old *** guts! [miserable]
 Two million people in the city live in abject ***[poor] 
One of the requirements of the job is *** in two or more African languages[fluent]
Do you know what *** the BBC World Service is on ? [frequent]
There is a *** for unemployment to rise in the summer[tend] 
What is so impressive about their society is the *** of the public services[efficient] 
The new law is designed to protect people’s ***[private] 
She specializes in *** novels set in eighteenth-century England[history] 
Mozart’s ***compositions include symphonies and operas[music] 

Изложенный выше материал по теме «Набор упражнений на словообразование » может быть использован для организации занятий или самостоятельного изучения словообразования в английском языке на уровне upper-intermediate (B2), а также подготовки к сдаче экзаменов ЕГЭ, FCE, ЦТ или их эквивалентов.

Продолжение публикации доступно по ссылке. Первую часть можно найти здесь.

2015-07-05
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