Набор упражнений на словообразование в английском языке. Часть 6.5

Продолжаем работу над словообразованием к тестированию по английскому языку. Сегодня у нас 6 набор комплектов упражнений, обеспечивающих пятикратное повторение предложенного материала. Постоянное повторение изучаемого материала позволит участникам ЦТ по английскому языку более успешно подготовиться к тестам. Сами упражнения составлены по мотивам книги Grammar and vocabulary for First Certificate с использованием примеров, заимствованных из разных аутентичных источников.

Тематика упражнений на словообразование

В данном выпуске рассматриваются следующие способы словообразования:

  • глагол + ion, ition = существительное (confession, addition);
  • прилагательное + ity = существительное (celebrity);
  • редко употребляемые суффиксы для образования существительных — ure (closure), ence (science), ance (existance), y (envy), cy (privacy);
  • суффикс cal для образования прилагательных (musical).

упражнение на словообразование к ЦТ № 1

Fatal road accidents have decreased in ***over recent years. [frequent]
As we get older, our bodies become less *** at burning up calories. [efficiency]
The period of *** of the agreement has expired [valid]
We are recruiting a sales manager with *** for the European market. [response]
I don’t want to make an *** until I have some proof. [accuse]
She is seeking more liberal *** with her daughter [visit]
He treated them with *** and thoughtfulness [generous].
The team usually plays in a 4-4-2 ***. [form]
*** in cold water resulted in rapid loss of heat. [immerse]
She gives the *** of being very busy. [impress]
We are looking at our business to see where savings and *** can be made. [efficient]
It is not beyond the bounds of *** that we’ll all meet again one day [possible]
A concert was held at the *** of the mayor. [invite]
I’ve come to the *** that he’s not the right person for the job. [conclude]
I did not feel at all *** towards Kate. [sympathy]
I have great *** for her as a writer. [admire]
He speaks *** Italian. [fluency]
*** from lung cancer is still increasing. [mortal]
Tents come in *** shapes and sizes. [variety]
The army met with fierce *** in every town. [oppose]
There has been a great deal of *** surrounding his disappearance. [public]
You owe him an *** for what you said. [apologetic]
We made a short *** to go and look at the castle. [diverse]

упражнение на словообразование к ЦТ № 2

Wage rates depend on levels of ***. [productive]
To avoid ***, please write the children’s names clearly on all their school clothes. [confuse]
Hospital *** is not necessary in most cases. [admit]
They would resist any *** of their powers. [limit]
The school has been refused *** to expand. [permit]
I couldn’t believe my own ***. [stupid]
Despite the recession the company is confident of further ***. [expand]
Muscles contract and relax during physical ***. [active]
We recognize the *** for a written agreement. [necessary]
Many elderly people live in ***. [poor]
Thank you for your kind ***. [hospitable]
They carried out *** checks at the airport. [secure]
Activities all take place under the ***of an experienced tutor. [guide]
The plans have been under *** for a year now. [discuss]
The budget provided for a total *** of £27 billion. [expense]
My whole family came to my ***. [graduate]
The hotel has 110 bedrooms, all with *** bathrooms. [privacy]
Pakistan came into *** as an independent country after the war. [exist]
I have run out of *** with her. [patient]
These plants need heat and *** to grow well. [humid]
Researchers in this field have made some important new ***. [discover]
An electric wheelchair has given her greater ***. [mobile]
The *** of people interviewed prefer TV to radio. [major]

упражнение на словообразование к ЦТ № 3

Stewart was injured in a *** with another player. [collide]
He underwent a three-hour heart ***. [operate]
Her symptoms are more *** than physical [psychologic]
The story was used to emphasize the *** of Jesus [human]
The nurse applied *** to his arm to stop the bleeding. [press]
You must place these events in their *** context. [history]
The *** is that there is not enough money to pay for this project. [real]
The government is responsible for the *** of health care. [provide]
The bad weather added a further *** to our journey. [complicate]
She gave the greatest *** of her career. [perform]
The hospital has been threatened with ***. [close]
The country is enjoying a period of peace and ***. [prosper]
Who took the *** to go ahead with the project? [decide]
They swore their *** to the king. [loyal]
They were very *** about the trouble they’d caused. [apology]
Does he find his new *** intruding on his private life? [celebrate]
Only a small *** of students are interested in politics these days. [minor]
She pointed out with tact and *** exactly where he had gone wrong. [sensitive]
The *** of the crash victims was a long and difficult task. [identify]
There will be rich and poor for all ***. [eternal]
Children show *** about everything. [curious]
We do not want to see a *** of last year’s tragic events [repeat]
*** in French is required for this job. [fluent]
They looked with *** at her latest purchase. [envious]

упражнение на словообразование к ЦТ № 4

They were too *** to buy shoes for the kids. [poverty]
The deliberate *** of his words cut her like a knife. [cruel]
They are hoping for a return to *** now that the war is over. [normal]
Several people were injured, but there were no ***. [fatal]
I felt sick with ***. [jealous]
She suffered from severe *** after losing her job. [depress]
It was *** to be alone again. [pleasure]
It’s not in his *** to be unkind. [natural]
He was *** about losing and said that he’d be back next year to try again. [philosophy]
The book began with a *** from Goethe. [quote]
After hours of questioning by police, she made a full ***. [confess]
The editor welcomes *** from readers on any subject. [correspond]
The vast majority of the population lives in utter ***. [miserable]
The local *** was shocked by the murders. [common]
The report highlights the *** between the two groups. [similar]
Fax machines were a wonderful *** at the time. [invent]
We were cold, wet and thoroughly *** . [misery]
There were two loud *** and then the building burst into flames. [explode]
She completed her formal *** in 1995. [educate]
She had never been greatly concerned about her ***. [appear]
There is a *** for this disease to run in families. [tend]
The book is full of ***to growing up in India. [refer]
The manuscript is just one of the treasures in their ***. [possess]

упражнение на словообразование к ЦТ № 5

There is a ***bus service into the centre of town [frequency]
When her husband died, she received £50 000 in ***. [insure]
Surveyors carried out a *** of the property. [value]
The *** are open to the public. [excavate]
Memories of the past filled her mind to the *** of all else. [exclude]
I have no *** for Jan, it’s all her own fault. [sympathetic]
Please state your name, age and *** below. [occupy]
The play was shortened by the *** of two scenes. [omit]
They are making some *** to the house. [alter]
Millions will face *** next year as a result of the drought. [starve]
Don’t you believe in *** between men and women? [equal]
Pasta’s basic ingredients are flour and water, sometimes with the *** of eggs or oil [add]
Many MPs are against *** in Europe. [federate]
In this job, experience counts for more than paper ***. [qualify]
The bank plans various *** to its credit facilities. [extend]
The new model will be in *** by the end of the year. [produce]
He read the letter later in the *** of his own room. [private]
There is a wide *** of patterns to choose from. [various]
This was another example of press *** into the affairs of the royals. [intrude]
She answered all my questions with her usual ***. [honest]
Advanced students need to be aware of the importance of ***. [collocate]

Изложенный выше материал по теме «Набор упражнений на словообразование » может быть использован для организации занятий или самостоятельного изучения словообразования в английском языке на уровне upper-intermediate (B2) и подготовки к сдаче экзаменов ЕГЭ, FCE, ЦТ или их эквивалентов.

Первую часть можно найти здесь.

2015-07-06
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